Dexamethasone, Oral Tablet
- Dexamethasone oral pill is offered as each a generic and brand-name drug. Model identify: DexPak.
- Dexamethasone comes as an oral pill, oral resolution, eye drops, and eardrops. It’s additionally obtainable as an injectable resolution or an intraocular resolution given after surgical procedure. These two varieties are solely given by a healthcare supplier.
- Dexamethasone oral pill is used to deal with many situations. These embrace irritation, allergic reactions, and flare-ups of ulcerative colitis. In addition they embrace adrenal insufficiency.
- Coronary heart Harm Warning: Should you’ve lately had a coronary heart assault, it’s possible you’ll be at elevated threat for additional coronary heart injury from this drug. Earlier than beginning this drug, ensure your physician is aware of you’ve had a coronary heart assault.
- An infection Warning: Dexamethasone can cowl up or worsen sure infections. As well as, infections can develop throughout therapy. Don’t use this drug when you’ve got fungal infections, or a historical past of parasite infections or tuberculosis. Inform your physician about any previous sicknesses or infections.
- Eye Issues Warning: Utilizing dexamethasone for lengthy durations can result in eye issues reminiscent of cataracts or glaucoma. The drug can also trigger injury to the optic nerves, or fungal or viral eye infections.
- Measles or Chickenpox Warning: Inform your physician when you haven’t had chickenpox or measles, or when you haven’t had the vaccines to stop them. You might have extra critical variations of those sicknesses when you’ve got them whereas taking dexamethasone.
Dexamethasone is a prescription medicine. It’s obtainable as an oral pill, oral resolution, eye drops, and eardrops. It’s additionally obtainable as an injectable resolution or an intraocular resolution given after surgical procedure. These final two varieties are solely given by a healthcare supplier.
The dexamethasone pill is offered because the brand-name drug DexPak. It’s additionally obtainable as a generic drug. Generic medicine often price lower than the brand-name model. In some instances, they might not be obtainable in all strengths or varieties because the brand-name drug.
Why it is used
The dexamethasone oral pill is used to deal with situations that trigger irritation, situations associated to immune system exercise, and hormone deficiency. These situations embrace:
- allergic reactions
- rheumatoid arthritis and different rheumatic illnesses, together with ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and acute gouty arthritis
- pores and skin illnesses, reminiscent of pemphigus, extreme erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), exfoliative dermatitis, bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, extreme seborrheic dermatitis, extreme psoriasis, or mycosis fungoides
- flare-ups of intestinal illness, reminiscent of ulcerative colitis
- flare-ups of multiple sclerosis or myasthenia gravis
- pre-treatment for chemotherapy to cut back irritation and unwanted effects from most cancers medicines
- adrenal insufficiency (a situation the place the adrenal glands don’t produce sufficient hormones)
The way it works
Dexamethasone belongs to a category of medicine referred to as steroids. A category of medicine is a bunch of medicines that work in an identical manner. These medicine are sometimes used to deal with related situations.
For situations with irritation: With sure situations, irritation could cause the immune system to be overactive. This may injury the physique’s tissues. Steroids reminiscent of dexamethasone assist block the immune system’s response to irritation, which helps stop this injury.
For adrenal insufficiency: The adrenal gland helps management sure physique capabilities. These capabilities embrace managing blood glucose, combating an infection, and controlling stress. In individuals with adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal gland releases decrease quantities of sure hormones. Dexamethasone helps change these hormones.
Dexamethasone oral pill doesn’t trigger drowsiness, however it may possibly trigger different unwanted effects.
Extra frequent unwanted effects
The extra frequent unwanted effects that may happen with dexamethasone oral tablets embrace:
- abdomen upset
- swelling (edema)
- temper adjustments, reminiscent of despair, temper swings, or persona adjustments
- hassle falling asleep
- low potassium ranges (inflicting signs reminiscent of tiredness)
- excessive blood glucose
If these results are gentle, they might go away inside just a few days or a few weeks. In the event that they’re extra extreme or don’t go away, discuss to your physician or pharmacist.
Critical unwanted effects
Name your physician immediately when you’ve got critical unwanted effects. Name 911 in case your signs really feel life-threatening or when you suppose you’re having a medical emergency. Critical unwanted effects and their signs can embrace the next:
- Uncommon tiredness
- Uncommon dizziness
- Uncommon digestive upset. Signs can embrace:
- abdomen ache
- nausea or vomiting
- Blood in your stool, or black stools
- Blood in your urine
- Uncommon bleeding or bruising
- Uncommon swelling all through your physique, or bloating in your stomach (abdomen space)
- An infection. Signs can embrace:
- muscle aches
- joint ache
- Modifications in temper or ideas, or temper issues reminiscent of despair. Signs can embrace:
- extreme temper swings
- euphoria (a sense of intense happiness)
- hassle sleeping
- persona adjustments
- Extreme allergic response. Signs can embrace:
- hassle respiratory
- Adrenal insufficiency. Signs can embrace:
- darkened pores and skin coloration
- dizziness when standing
- Extra frequent infections (can happen with long-term use)
- Abdomen ulcers. Signs can embrace:
- ache within the stomach (abdomen space)
- Congestive coronary heart failure. Signs can embrace:
- shortness of breath
- swollen legs
- fast heartbeat